About CEFR


The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, abbreviated as CEFR, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe and, increasingly, in other countries.

It was put together by the Council of Europe as the main part of the project "Language Learning for European Citizenship" between 1989 and 1996. Its main aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe. Today CEFR is used as a global standard for benchmarking the language proficiency, including English language and has great relevance for language assessment bodies, awarding bodies and exam boards.

The CEFR provides a common standard for understanding and teaching of language skills, testing and defining activities, assignments and resources. CEFR is particularly useful to educators and assessment boards as it outlines the expectations from a learner of language in a systematic way.

CEFR divides learners into three broad divisions that are further divided into six levels:

A Basic User

  • A1 Breakthrough or beginner

  • A2 Waystage or elementary



B Independent User

  • B1 Threshold or intermediate

  • B2 Vantage or upper intermediate



C Proficient User

  • C1 Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced

  • C2 Mastery or proficiency


Click on this link to read the Wikipedia article on CEFR

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